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Edisi: JANUARI/FEBRUARI '99 Muka 6 
Halaman Bekas Pelajar Sekolah Tinggi Segamat Johor Darul Takzim
  Sekolah Tinggi Segamat - Bangunan Utama

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Fakta Johor
Johor, formerly Johore, state of Malaysia, southernmost state of peninsular Malaysia, bounded on the northwest by Melaka and Negeri Sembilan states, and on the north by Pahang state. Singapore lies immediately to the south across the narrow Johore Strait. Johor has a 400-km (250-mi) coastline, extending from the Strait of Malacca to the South China Sea, and an area of about 18,985 sq km (7330 sq mi). The state capital is Johor Baharu. 
Johor is generally low-lying and forest covered. However, there are hilly uplands rising above 900 m (3000 ft) in the east-central region; the highest point in the state is Gunang Ledang (Mount Ledang) (1276 m/4186 ft), near the border with Melaka state. Johor has many short rivers draining from the central hills to the sea; the east coast has extensive swampy areas. 
Johor has a population (1991) of about 2.1 million, giving a population density of 111 persons per sq km (286 per sq mi). Johor Baharu, lying on the Johore Strait, has a population of 328,646; other large cities include Segamat, Batu Pahat and Muar. The indigenous Malay population of the peninsula makes up a little more than 50 percent of Johor's population; about one-third of the population is of Chinese descent; about 6 percent is of Indian descent. The Malay dialect spoken in Johor Baharu is the standard for Bahasa Malaysia, the national language. 
Partly cut off by swamps from the rest of the peninsula, Johor's economy only began to develop strongly after 1919 when the railway was extended southward, linking Johor and Singapore to the central tin- and rubber-producing areas of the Malay Peninsula. After World War I (1914-1918), rubber plantations were established, and tin, iron ore, and bauxite deposits were discovered. Johor is one of the leading palm-oil producing states; coconuts and pineapples flourish on the swampy coasts. Shallow harbors mean that the state's trade is channeled through Singapore. Johor is linked to Singapore by a causeway carrying a road and a railway over the Johore Strait; a second causeway was expected to be completed by the mid-1990s. Although the port of Pasir Gudang, on the Johore Strait, is being rapidly developed, Johor, economically, is essentially part of Singapore's hinterland; economic relations with Pahang state to the north are not developed. Ties to Singapore have helped Johor's industrialization, especially through the growth of the electronics industry. 
Johor is one of the nine Malaysian states to have a hereditary ruler, known as the sultan. Johor has 18 seats in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the federal parliament; the state legislative assembly has 36 seats. Johor was founded by Mahmud Shah, sultan of the kingdom of Malacca (present-day Melaka state), after the fall of Malacca to the Portuguese in 1511. Following a triangular struggle with the Dutch and the northwestern Sumatran Sultanate of Aceh, for control of the Strait of Malacca, the state's power declined in the 17th and 18th centuries. Johor's independence was, however, recognized by the British when they founded Singapore in 1819. Sultan Abu Bakar is considered the founder of modern Johor. He successfully resisted British pressure for control during his rule (1862-1895), but a permanent British adviser was finally imposed on Johor in 1914. In 1948 the state became part of the Federation of Malaya, the forerunner of modern Malaysia. 

Johor Baharu, city, western Malaysia, capital of Johor State, on Johore Strait, near Singapore. It is the southernmost city of the Malay Peninsula, connected with the island of Singapore by a rail and road causeway; the road and rail systems of the peninsula begin here. Rubber, palm oil, pineapples, and bauxite are produced in the surrounding area, and the city has fruit-canning and oil-milling plants. Within the city are a large mosque, the sultan's palace and gardens, and botanical and zoos. The suburbs have resort beaches. Population (1991) 328,646. 

Segamat, located on northernmost part of Johor is this site hometown. 


Halaman ini diterbitkan oleh:
Zil Kamal Mokhtar
No. 49, Jalan SP 2/10, Taman Subang Perdana, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan.
Tel: +603 7463986         Mobil: +6012 2774419         E-mel: Zilkamal@Hotmail.Com
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Hakcipta terpelihara 1999